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30 M1 CARBINE

30 M1 Carbine (early version)

Development of the 30M1 started in September 1940 in the search for a light weight shoulder weapon with an effective range of up to 300 yards with a .30cal. bullet based on the SLR (Self Loading Rifle) principle. The development of the cartridge was given to Winchester, but all commercial manufacturers in the US developed weapons for it. Original cases were made from turned down 32 SLR cases. The original name for this development was: Cartridge, Cal. 30 SR, M1 (Short Rifle).


M1 Carbine (later version)


USA

EVANSVILLE CHRYSLER CORP.

Production at EC started in January 1943 with brass cased rounds and an E C  42 headstamp.

  

     Steel case with Zinc-Cronak finish


FRANKFORT ARSENAL

  

     3 Petal T79 blank with red sealant for T12 blank firing tests at APG (HWS 3, p.101)

  

     Teflon coated case


LAKE CITY ORDNANCE

  

   M16 Tracer cartridge

  

                         

                         

   Dim Tracer (Orange tip)

  

  

  

                         

  


PETERS CARTRIDGE CO., KINGS MILL, OH, USA.

  

  


REMINGTON ARMS COMPANY

  

   The development of tracer rounds (T24) for the M1 Carbine started in August 1943 on the request of the British Forces in Burma. Called the M16, it gave a visible trace up to 570 yards.

   High Pressure Test cartridge with 150gr. M2 ball bullet and tinned case. From 9 December 1943 onward, all cases were tinned.


WESTERN CARTRIDGE COMPANY

   Early grenade blank, (unfinished) for the M9A1 Anti-Tank Rifle Grenade. This is the unfinished version of the experimental grenade blank (Fig. 47, HWS 1, p.49)

                         

                         


WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS COMPANY

   This was the first headstamp that was used on the 30 M1 Carbine

   Early dummy load with wooden distance piece

   Early dummy load with blackened case with small hole drilled and normal GM bullet

Signal cartridge (T96). This was part of the effort when the Chief of Ordnance gave a contract to National Fireworks Co. late in 1945 for the development of a signal cartridge for the 45 ACP. This specimen has a cellulose-acetate bullet with pyrotechnic charge. This round was tested at Aberdeen Proving Ground in 1946-47 and gave a trace to a height of 300-350 feet. (HWS3, p.103)

   This is the M18 Alternative HPT round with GMCS bullet

   Standardised (M1) dummy with tinned case and blind primer pocket

   On March 6, 1944 the tinning of cases was abandoned and normal brass cases were used but with a tinned bullet. Normally cases were drilled, although this did not always happen in practice

   HPT (High Pressure Test). The star on the headstamp is noted during 1944-45 where the drawing process for the cases was changed by Winchester from the New Haven procedure to the East Alton plant layout.

  

  

                      

  

                         

   WRA production during the Korean War, with 4 primer crimps.

                      

M2 Carbine with folding stock

Headspace gauge


US COMMERCIAL

                          ?

  

                    

  

   "Exploder" with yellow tip

   Proof loading

  


AUSTRIA

  

                        

                                         These two specimens are probably movie blanks


BELGIUM

                       

                       

                       

                       


BRAZIL

                      


DOMINICAN REPUBLIC


FRANCE

                      

SF I = SFM – Socièté de Metallurgy Franco-Belge a Issy-les-Moulineaux

TE = Ateliers de Construction, Toulouse
C = Compagnie Française des Métaux, Castelsarrasin

VE = Cartoucherie de Valence, France
BD = Les Fils de Victor Bidault & Cie, de Vitry sur Seine

                      

                         

C = Compagnie Française des Métaux, de Castelsarrasin

F = Tréfilerie et Laminoirs de la Mediteranee a Saint-Louis (Socièté Huart et Cie. à Marseille)

N = Etablissement Navarre de Evreux

R = Tréfileries et Laminoirs du Havre, Rugles

S = Compagnie Française des Métaux Sérifontaine


   GERMANY

  

  

  

  

                         

                                                

   HUCK Dummy

                         

                         

                         


HOLLAND

                         

  

  

  


ITALY


MEXICO


NORWAY

                         

  


PHILIPPINES

Squires Bingham


SERBIA

  


SOUTH KOREA


TAIWAN


UNITED KINGDOM

   Reference load


UNKNOWN/UNCERTAIN