Russian experimental design dating from the 1990’s at TSNII TochMash in the city of Klimovsk, located near Moscow, which is a Government-owned research and manufacturing organization responsible for small arms and ammunition development and named after Gennady Nikonov who was a Russian arms designer at the IZHMASH state factories during the late 1980s and early 1990s. Also known as the 6mm UNIFIED, it was produced in sniper rifles as well a machine guns. The original idea was as a replacement for the 7.62x54R Russian.