The earliest reference to the walking stick design capable of firing a projectile dates from 1580 and is currently in the Wallace Collection in London and incorporates a wheel lock pistol and a sword blade. The design is actually very simple and was manufactured by a variety of gunmakers, most famous being Joseph-Célestin Dumonthier who was granted British patent 4825 for “small arms combined with walking sticks” on the 13th of December 1876. The twist and pull design proved the most practical and are still found today.